Everybody has heard about the "Nazca lines", those huge mysterious lines and animal figures carved on the Nazca plain in Peru, South America. Erich Von Däniken and his followers think the lines may have been used as landing tracks and guides for space ships. Official science assumes them to be some religious symbols made by the Indians as messages for their gods.

The straight lines running for miles and the animals such as the spider and the monkey have become famous on the pages of several books and magazines. However, last year Von Däniken was flying over the plains and photographed something he - and the most of the rest of us - hadn't seen before, the glyphs presented as diagrams on this page. These are made according to the aerial pictures in Däniken's 1998 book "Arrival of the Gods" (I don't have permission to publish the photos). There is this large and rather complex figure with two smaller compass patterns, one on both side of the larger one. Additionally, a grid with 36 times 15 squares was found.

Connection to the Crop Circles?

A connection between the Nazca lines and the Crop Circles has been speculated about, thought there's no other apparent connection than the fact that both are large figures on the terrain the origin of which is unknown. The patterns themselves are clearly different. Now these new findings - which are actually new only to the public - might bring some new cause for this speculation. They do resemble the Crop Circles much more than the figures previously known.

However, the resemblance is still limited to mere two properties in the geometry: the ring elements and the four-sided symmetry. You could make a connection from the small circles on the large ring to some Crop Circles, but never has there been more than a few "satellite" circles on a ring. Obviously in this Palpa glyph the small circles are not actually elements of the geometry, but a scale to divide the rings into equal segments, just as in a compass or a clock.

More than 600 dots!

One clear difference compared to Crop Circles is the very straightforward geometry based on rectangles. In Crop Circles the geometry is almost without exception constructed on circular elements, and usually a bit more "cleverly" than this. Although this does look a bit like a mantra or a decoration, it certainly has many clues suggesting it is indeed a guide of some kind.

While the smaller figures are quite clearly compasses pointing out 8 main directions and 80 (!) divisions, the main figure seems to be a combination of a compass and a scale. Its rings are divided into 32 segments by small circles, with these segments divided in half by even smaller circles. In the larger ring the circles seem to be light while all the other circles are dark. This effect must have been achieved by exploiting intelligently the properties of the soil and it must have a purpose.

The dots inside the squares are not positioned with extreme accuracy, but clearly in the central squares they are closer to the edges and in the outer squares closer to the center. If my observations are correct, there are 208 dots in the larger figure (2 x 64 from the rings + 20 x 4 from the squares) and 200 in the smaller one (2 x 80 + 40). However, the glyphs are very eroded and especially the amount of dots in the smallest ring in the "compass" pattern is impossible to determine for sure based on the photos. If each of its eight divisions were subdivided into 6 parts instead of 5, the total number of dots would be 208, equal to the larger pattern. Anyway, the total number of in the entire complex reaches a sum of more than 600 dots!

Navigation guides?

It doesn't take very much imagination to assume these figures are pointing the four directions plus the four subdirections (sorry for the possibly wrong terms, my technical English is not perfect). Of course it should be checked if the figures are really aligned accordingly. But especially in the large figure there is a lot of other information.

Because of the huge size of the patterns and the fact that they can only be seen from high above the ground, they must be intended for people or beings flying over the plain. So it is not illogical to assume it's meant for navigation guidance. In addition to directions they could help a pilot to determine distances, angles etc. Perhaps these figures are located close to a landing track or several of them. Another possibility is that they are supposed to give mathematical information to someone viewing the Earth from the sky or the space.

Made by whom?

Were these patterns created by primitive native people, an advanced terrestrial culture with the technology to build flying vehicles or extra-terrestrial beings? Are they created by the same people who made the straight paths and the animal figures?

To my understanding the figures are estimated to be at least 2000 years old, but probably not more than 3000. If there were an aviation-capable culture at that time, would we not know about it? Could it have been reminds of the Atlantean culture supposedly destroyed some 12.000 years ago?

In my opinion it is highly unlikely that this kind of figures would be created to satisfy some abstract, mythological gods. The animal figures may have been done with that motive, but why would you draw guides for gods? Maybe the natives had a mythological belief that some beings from the space were about to come on Earth and they created these figures as guides for the future visitors? But the only question is not if they would have gone through this much trouble for purely mythological creatures. How did the make these extremely accurate and symmetrical diagrams without complex technology?

Personally I'm convinced that we have been visited and our influenced by extra-terrestrial visitors in our past. From this point of view it is quite rational for me to think these markings were made by and/or for these visitors - or some of them.

Veli Martin, Jan 31, 1999